Human resources and education in the Moravian-Silesian Region

The Moravian-Silesian Region is the most important industrial area in the Czech Republic, with a long-established tradition as a centre of industry. In the past ten years the Region has undergone a major shift in focus away from heavy industrial production to more highly specialized manufacturing sectors – a process which still continues today. One of the initial impulses behind this transformation was the arrival of the Korean car manufacturer Hyundai; many of Hyundai’s key suppliers also set up operations nearby, boosting the Region’s profile as a major European automotive industry hub. During the last five years the Region has shifted its focus further, increasingly drawing its competitive advantage not from raw materials or low labour costs but instead from specialized activities offering high added value. Investment in research and development is growing – both in the public and private sectors. Buoyed by this influx of investment capital, the Region is becoming an important hub for the development of specialized products, services and technologies in a range of sectors, primarily mechanical engineering, IT, electronics, and power engineering. The outputs can be exported to markets throughout the world, boosting the Region’s competitiveness on a global scale. A major contribution to the Region’s growing international competitiveness is made by its four universities, which operate a range of cutting-edge research centres and work closely with local companies on development projects. Although in recent years our Region has experienced a rapid development of new industrial sectors, it still retains and cultivates its strong industrial tradition, meaning that it can offer an consistently excellent labour force for manufacturing industry. The Region is home to an internationally renowned technical university whose close collaboration with industry makes it a key motor of future developments and facilitates the efficient implementation of new investment projects. Below you will find some key facts and figures giving a fuller picture of the Region’s labour force (including a breakdown of education and qualifications), which may help guide your decision to locate your investment here in the Moravian-Silesian Region.

Labour force

This section shows the main indicators related to employment, unemployment and the available labour force in the Moravian-Silesian Region, allowing you to make direct comparisons with other Czech regions.

Table 1 – Unemployment rates in the Moravian-Silesian Region (as of 31. 8. 2016), source: MPSV

Period 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Unemployment rate % 8,31 9,17 10,47 9,54 8,5 7,7
Unemployment rate % (male) 8,5 9,57 10,96 9,8 8,2 7,5
Unemployment rate % (female) 8,12 8,76 9,97 9,47 8,8 7,9
Total number of jobseekers (absolute) 75 019 81 099 89 976 81 971 72 392 65 156

Table 1 (above) shows that the unemployment rate in the Moravian-Silesian Region is currently decreasing; the total rate has decreased by around 1 % per year since 2011. Table 2 (below) shows a breakdown of jobseekers in the individual districts of the Region sorted by age. Table 3 shows a breakdown of jobseekers in the individual districts of the Region sorted by levels of education achieved.

Table 2 – Breakdown of jobseekers by age and district of residence (as of 31. 8. 2016), source: MPSV

District/ Age 24 and under 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65 and over total
Bruntál 691 1 080 1 855 1 383 1 339 16 6 364
Frýdek-Místek 872 1 361 2 114 1 561 1 764 6 7 678
Karviná 2 116 3 685 5 919 4 979 3 810 94 20 603
Nový Jičín 569 875 1 420 1 079 1 254 12 5 209
Opava 919  1 552 2 184 1 470 1 501 15 7 641
Ostrava 2 600 4 575 7 468 5 025 4 236 80 23 984
Moravian-Silesian Region 7 767 13 128 20 960 15 497 13 904 223 71 479
Czech Republic  48 552 82 404  132 837   84 330 79 212  1 257   428 592

Table 3 – Breakdown of jobseekers by district of residence and level of education (as of 31. 8. 2016), source: MPSV

District secondary vocational higher vocational tertiary (university)
Bruntál 3 399 22 221
Frýdek-Místek 4 856 46 720
Karviná 10 495 54 796
Nový Jičín 2 894 34 406
Opava 4 262 45 589
Ostrava 11 099 82 1 529
Moravian-Silesian Region 37 005 283 4 261
Czech Republic 225 855 2 755 33 538

Breakdown of population by level of education

This section presents a breakdown of the Region’s total population according to level of education attained. Table 4 (below) shows the change from 2010 to 2015 for the total population and for men and women separately.

Table 4 – Breakdown of population by level of education – thousands of persons, source: ČSÚ

Population group 2010 2011 2012
2013 2014 2015
Total population 1 243 1 230 1 226 1 221 1 217 1 213
Population aged 15 years or over 1 067 1 054 1 049 1 043 1 038 1 033
primary education or no education 201 201 192 182 177 177
secondary education (without school-leaving examination) 396 405 388 381 378 370
secondary education (with school-leaving examination) 338 322 332 329 339 329
higher education 132 126 136 152 146 159
Male 519 511 509 598 596 597
primary education or no education 69 65 65 61 62 63
secondary education (without school-leaving examination) 233 240 227 225  217 216
secondary education (with school-leaving examination) 149 144 148 144 154 150
higher education 68 63 68 78 73 75
Female 549 542 540 623 621 618
primary education or no education 133 136 127 121 116 114
secondary education (without school-leaving examination) 163 165 161 157 161 155
secondary education (with school-leaving examination) 189 178 184 185 186 179
higher education 64 63 67 74 73 84

The table indicates that the declining number of people with secondary education corresponds with the fall in the total population aged 15 and over. A positive trend is the rising percentage of the population receiving higher education; although the overall population is decreasing, the absolute number of higher education graduates is increasing.

This trend is partly echoed in the data given in Table 5 (below), showing the number of graduates from the three largest universities in the Moravian-Silesian Region. The total number of graduates shows a significant change; between the years 2010 and 2015 was recorded a decrease of 3,375 graduates, due to the demographic development of the population in the Czech Republic.

Table 5 – Number of graduates from universities in the Moravian-Silesian Region, source: MŠMT

Name of university 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
University of Ostrava 2 796 2 555 2 402 2 530 2 653 2 411
Silesian University in Opava 1 731 1 957 2 085 1 983 1 841 1 582
VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava 5 057 5 057 5 153 4 957 4 552 4 226
Total 11 594 11 580 11 652 9 470 9 046 8 219

Table 6 shows a breakdown of the numbers of secondary school students in the Region by school year. As with the numbers of university graduates and the secondary-level students at technical schools the decline is reported. Nevertheless, the Moravian-Silesian Region is still in a better position than any other Czech region with regard to these figures; this represents an important future source of potential employees for manufacturing industry.

Table 6 – Breakdown of secondary school student numbers in individual regions, source: ČSÚ

Region School year
2010/2011
School year
2011/2012
School year
2012/2013
School year
2013/2014
School year
2014/2015
School year
2015/2016
Vocational
schools
High
schools
Vocational 
schools
High 
schools
Vocational 
schools
High 
schools
Vocational 
schools
High 
schools
Vocational 
schools
High 
schools
Vocational 
schools
High 
schools
Prague 38 936 23 647 36 672 23 450 34 435 23 174 35 607 23 245 34 871 23 314 35 171 23 678
Central Bohemia 29 983 12 536 28 150 12 179 26 720 11 958 26 833 11 977  26 273  12 094  25 451  12 158 
South Bohemia 22 025 8 546 20 849 8 263 19 720 8 024 19 134 7 872  18 662  7 768  18 296  7 775 
Plzeň 17 639 6 279 16 814 6 196 15 676 6 048 15 273 6 020  14 898  6 026  14 667 6 019 
Karlovy Vary 9 702 3 591 9 016 3 479 8 280 3 363 7 992 3 354  7 492  3 328  7 264  3 357 
Ústí nad Labem 29 608 8 581 27 845 8 401 26 171 8 149 25 039 8 111  24 587  8 005  23 822  8 103 
Liberec 13 534 4 703 12 761 4 575 12 022 4 340 11 703 4 211  11 467  4 086  11 189  4 036 
Hradec Králové 20 193 7 172 19 002 7 040 17 938 6 847 17 131 6 689  16 848  6 647  16 286  6 604 
Pardubice 17 604 6 639 16 413 6 305 15 321 6 014 15 198 5 987  14 973  5 939  14 976  6 003 
Vysočina 17 751 6 472 16 815 6 315 15 715 6 120 15 364 6 063  15 088  6 101  14 876  6 117 
South Moravia 38 240 16 851 35 729 16 278 33 070 15 584 31 756 15 182  30 522  15 061  29 426  15 159 
Olomouc 21 104 9 345 19 869 8 974 18 901 8 679 18 770 8 463  18 329  8 336  17 745  8 280 
Zlín 20 755 7 838 19 291 7 633 17 648 7 377 16 692 7 194  16 160  7 109  16 041  7 084 
Moravia-Silesia 42 476 15 957 39 936 15 254 37 360 14 708 36 680 14 159  34 948  13 852  33 415  13 672